Category Archives: Safe Driving

Can you turn ?

12 Aug 17
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If your car check your blind spots and can hit on the brakes, will that make you a driver? Automakers are stressing it may.

Technology that keeps a safe distance from other vehicles, keeps cars in their lanes, warns of visitors that is hidden and slams the brakes to prevent rear-end crashes is spreading to Hondas from luxury cars. However, these aids are having an unintended consequence: They are skills that are degrading.

“There are many concerns about people checking out and we’re trying to track that today,” said Adrian Lund, president of the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. “That which we do that makes the driving task a bit easier means folks will pay a tiny bit less attention when they are driving.”

For carmakers trying to tackle driver abilities that are deteriorating, the stakes are immense. U.S. roadway deaths jumped 14 percent during the previous two decades, with over 40,000 people dying in crashes in 2016. Distraction is another culprit while speeding and roadways bear some of the blame. While driving, such as texting or surfing the internet, has been on the upswing, data published by the government show manipulation of devices.

The features which are the building blocks of tomorrow cars were developed to compensate for inattentiveness behind the wheel. They might be enabling drivers to place faith in the technology.

Side effects

The auto market is “terrified” about the unwanted side effects of the favorite new features, and companies are scrambling to find ways to keep drivers participated instead of glued to their telephones, said Mark Wakefield, managing director and head of the automotive practice at consultant AlixPartners LLP.

General Motors Co. is installing eye-tracking technology on the Super Cruise attribute coming to Cadillac models later this year, which enables drivers to take their hands off the wheel but requires watching the street. Nissan Motor Co.’s ProPilot Assist retains the car focused and brings it to a stop in its lane if the driver goes over 30 minutes without grabbing the wheel. Tesla Inc. last year employed limits on drivers’ ability to go hands-free when using the corporation’s Autopilot system.

“You can be conservative in your style and emphasize safety over convenience to safeguard the consumer from themselves, which is required, but the entire industry isn’t going to do that,” Wakefield said. “So you will be right, but you did not sell a vehicle.”

Toyota Motor Corp. researchers recognize the new technology is changing the way people drive, and it has pioneered studies with major universities to learn how driving habits might evolve.

Risky behaviour

“What are the newest risky behaviors going to be?” Chuck Gulash, manager of the Collaborative Safety Research Center of Toyota, said in an interview. “Is it going to be people testing their vehicles into the limits? Or showing off to their neighbors?”

Consumers understand the perils of relinquishing control, even if they don’t always heed their advice. Fifty-seven percent said technology will erode skills to the car-shopping site of researcher Kelley Blue Book in a casual survey of 847 traffic.

“Without doubt, technology is making drivers lazier and less attentive,” said Mike Harley, team managing editor at Kelley Blue Book. “Most of the digital ‘driver assistance’ attributes are intended to overlay basic driving skills, which calms the driver’s sense of obligation.”

A University of Michigan study revealed that may be true. Research was conducted by the faculty for an automaker concerned with how people are using when another vehicle is in a location detection systems that alert drivers. The study found a substantial increase in motorists failing to look over their shoulder when changing lanes, to check for themselves.

Too much confidence

“The more they’re exposed to these systems, the more they expect that the systems,” said Shan Bao, as associate research scientist in the university’s Transportation Research Institute, who conducted the analysis. In crisis situations, “they will trust the systems more than they will trust themselves.”

Surveys have shown consumers are fond of attributes since they relieve the monotony of long excursions and take the strain. However, abuse has been encouraged by the liberty afforded by the guides by drivers who treat the technology as though it capable of taking control, with no input or little necessary. Videos have emerged showing drivers as they trick the technology leaping from the back seat.

A national investigation into the fatality this past year at a Tesla Model S traveling in Autopilot manner revealed before crashing into a semi, the driver had his hands on the wheel for 25 seconds. Has altered Autopilot to require driver input.

No idea

“At a very basic level, customers do not have any notion of how these systems work because they are all named something different and they operate differently,” said Greg Brannon, director of automotive technology and business relations at the American Automobile Association.

Although AAA is urging regulators and automakers to think of standard terms and parameters for features, that conflicts with automakers want to develop and market systems and seek an edge over rivals.

Some producers are currently currently pushing at the boundaries of security by fielding systems that enable drivers to keep their hands off the wheel for too long in front of a chime and dash light remind them to take hold, Wakefield said, to make their cars look more sophisticated.

“The notion that you could take your hands off the wheel for 15 seconds and the driver remains in control, that is not realistic,” said Lund, of IIHS. “If they are taking off their hands for 15 seconds, then they are doing a few other things.”

Owner’s manuals

It is difficult for motorists to understand because automakers send signals, what systems can and can not do. The owner’s manual takes a careful approach because attorneys down water wording to avoid exposing automakers to liability, to describing the aids, the Brannon of AAA said.

Another threat is that motorists become accustomed to the aids when getting into vehicles or cars that are not equipped with the 33, that they overlook.

Performance varies by manufacturer if a driver jumps to an car that’s equipped with a system. Some cruise controls, as an instance, can bring a car to a stop during driving, but not at highway speeds.

“So a driver might become used to it working in city, but not realize that over speeds of 50 mph, it is not likely to bring the vehicle to a halt,” Brannon said. “And that could end badly.”

Also on the Planet and Mail

Behind the wheel of the Honda Civic Type R (The Globe and Mail)

Is it legal to Create a?

08 Aug 17
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When can you legally make a U-turn? We utilize GPS a lot, and it saying to generate a U-turn. My fiancé says they are legal, although I thought they were illegal at intersections. — Jenn, Toronto

The U-turn principles in Ontario are straightforward as it happens. Unless you crossing or somewhere where you can’t be seen by traffic, you can make them everywhere there is not a sign.

“In an intersection, it may say, ‘No U-turns,”’ stated Sgt. Kerry Schmidt, together with the Ontario Provincial Police Highway Safety Division. “But otherwise, so long as it is secure — as long as it is not on a corner, a crest of a mountain of facing a railway crossing — you can do them.”

Of Ontario’s Highway Traffic Act (HTA) provides the specific restrictions; offenses lead to a $110 fine, such as fees, and two demerit points. In 2015, there were 119 offenses in Ontario, the Ministry of Transportation (MTO) stated in an e-mail.

You can make or in so long as you create and sign them.

“You can not interfere with any traffic that might be coming — if you do you might be charged with other offences, but not necessarily the U-turn offence,” said Const. Clint Stibbe, with Toronto Police Traffic Services.

Two other sections of this HTA — section 141 and 142 — “pressure the responsibility of all drivers to make certain that they make safe driving decisions when making turns,” the MTO stated.

Rules vary by state

Where did the notion that U-turns are not permitted at intersections come from?

, , unless there is a sign prohibiting them — New Brunswick and PEI let them in intersections it isn’t safe or another law’re breaking.

But they are, banned by other states, including Alberta, British Columbia and Saskatchewan . And page 32 of Newfoundland’s Says U-turns are not permitted at any intersection.

U-turns effectively prohibited?

And in Alberta and British Columbia, it is confusing when you are not in an intersection. In British Columbia, Bans with a stop sign or lights, and, if you are at a , anywhere except at an intersection that does not have a stop sign or lights.

So if you are on a street with shops or companies in British Columbia, you might find two points and a $ 121 nice if you create a U-turn in the center of the street.

However, B.C. cities have their own rules, too. In Vancouver, Bans U-turns on any at an intersection on any street between intersecting streets or in a lane intersection. They’re banned pretty much there. It is a $100 fine.

“[A] U-turn at the City of Vancouver, unless posted otherwise, is contrary to the Vancouver city bylaw,” said Staff Sgt. Randy Fincham, Vancouver police spokesman.

In , you can not create a or in the middle of a street or road between intersections, Calgary police said. However, you can make one in a rest in a median on a boulevard or in a stop sign long as a sign isn’t {}.

“It is a $155 fine and two demerits,” said Calgary police Const. Paul Ludlow within an e-mail.

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Car going for glory (Reuters)

I received a ticket that was distracted-driving . Can I get from it?

01 Aug 17
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I’m a 17-year-old high school student and I was recently given a distracted driving ticket. I was driving down the street and had my own vape in hand (it’s a screen on it and may seem like a telephone) and got hauled into the side of the street by three police officers. The man said I was on my phone and came up using the $ 287 ticket to my window, but I insisted it was my vape. He wrote that I’m an adult. If I could get out of this since he did not indicate that I am a youth, I was wondering. – Matt, Sherwood Park

A officer becoming or misspelling your name Will not get you.

But saying you are an adult when you’re not? That might.

“The only way to find a dismissal is if the sex isn’t right or if its adult or youth isn’t right,” said Dean Marsh, an investigator with Provincial Ticket Resolutions at Airdrie, Alta. “But that is only sometimes and not — nothing is for certain.”

While the penalties are the same — — cases are managed by if you are under 18 .

“Depending on the ticket, different processes and sentencing options can apply to childhood,” Alberta Transportation stated in an e-mail announcement.

While it’s usually another court in larger places like Calgary, “here they will just say, ‘Now we are opening youth court,”’ stated Mr. Marsh, a former police officer. “Youth cases need to be handled differently each time I charged a youth, I did what you are supposed to do and called the parents{}”

If the ticket is not dismissed over the mistake, if you feel you have a defence, then you challenge a distracted ticket and can plead not guilty.

“If a receiver pleads not guilty, a trial date before a judge or justice of the peace is going to be set; in trial, the receiver has the right to be represented by a lawyer or representative,” the state said. “The exact same standard of proof that applies in criminal cases applies in traffic cases; the Crown has to prove the offence beyond a reasonable doubt.”

The vape escape?

Could “but I was just vaping” be a successful defence? We checked around Edmonton with traffic attorneys and none would go on the record.

However, Mr. Marsh said it could be, depending on what the officer wrote down to the ticket. You could have a opportunity if it said phone.

“It’s known as the inarguable fact,” Mr. Marsh said. “I have had officers say they billed someone because he had been looking down, and I would say ‘Can you prove that he was looking down in a cellphone? Since I have my daughter’s gym bag on the floor of my automobile, and I look down to remind myself to take it out from there.”

Having said that, Alberta’s unique in Canada; you do not have to be for a ticket that is distracted.

The legislation covers things like writing, reading and shaving.

A motorist, this year Was charged with driving in Edmonton, authorities said.

Therefore, even though it was not a telephone, while vaping — by adding oil fiddling around with it — the fee might hold, if you were diverted, 1 attorney told Globe Drive.

“The Traffic Safety Act doesn’t specifically prohibit vaping when driving,” the ministry stated. “However, generally, an officer has discretion to ascertain whether a driver is distracted behind the wheel. The intent of this legislation is to prevent distracted driving and enhance the protection of Alberta’s roads{}”

There were nearly convictions in Alberta this past year. It was not available, although we asked for the amount of tickets which were contested.

If you were distracted, you need to find a ticket, Mr. Marsh explained.

“They are saying from studies that it is worse than driving impaired — you need to give driving your full attention,” he said. “I watched a woman eating a steak, and I pulled over — it is not just touching electronics, it is anything that distracts you from what you should do.”

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Also on the Planet and Mail

Mercedes-Benz unveils its first pickup, but it’s not coming to Canada (The Globe and Mail)

When kids are left in a car should bystanders respond?

25 Jul 17
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A woman here lately left her children alone in an SUV to get a couple of minutes on a 20 C day and outraged bystanders surrounded her car until police came. This appears to be a overreaction. While taking the law like this when there is no danger should people be calling 911? — Winnie, Vancouver

You should call 911 and follow instructions, although whether parents catch for leaving their kids alone in the 14, heat is to determine, they say.

“In regards to children left in a hot car, our messaging is to call 911 and utilize the commonsense approach,” Sergeant Jason Robillard, Vancouver police spokesman, said in a email. “Every situation is different and there’s not any simple answer to how a taxpayer should respond and behave.”

On July 3, a number of people called 911 to report two kids left alone in an SUV at a Vancouver parking lot, authorities said. When a woman tried to push away and came to the car, bystanders surrounded it to keep her .

“The individuals who called 911 did the perfect thing,” said Amber Andreasen, director of Kids and Cars, a U.S.-based advocacy group. “We do not recommend that individuals confront the parent since it generally never ends well. Instead, we need people to follow the directions of law enforcement.”

Based on a child’s situation, those directions could include Taking her or him cool and to get out the child, Andreasen said.

19 countries have laws against leaving children Andreassen stated. Quebec is the only state with a law prohibiting kids from being alone there, it is children younger than 7.

In Canada, if there is a child in a vehicle and is hurt or dies, the parents could face charges including negligence, under the Criminal Code. Additionally child welfare laws apply.

‘Why are you arguing?’

That exact same week two, in of intervention under the Child, Youth and Family Enhancement Act after leaving kids in their cars of Alberta. The children were not harmed.

From a, the Vancouver case Reveals an officer telling the girl that her kids, 6 and 3 1/2, “might have expired.”

“Why are you arguing?” After the girl said it was five minutes the officer said in the movie. “You need me to grab your children and you will not ever see them again?”

Authorities referred the case, although the girl wasn’t charged.

It doesn’t need to be 30 C out to get a car to heat it’s parked in the shade and even if the windows are down, the Canada Safety Council says.

“It’s never okay to leave a child in a car not for a moment,” said Lewis Smith, director of federal projects with the Canada Safety Council, in an email. “Even at the low teens, temperature in a car climbs exponentially quickly. … Being gone for just a few minutes is lots of time to get a car to warm up and to get a kid to get dehydrated and suffer from heat stroke or worse.”

A high number of children abandoned in vehicles are abandoned there Smith said.

“The best solution we have found to combat this is for parents to leave a thing they will want — their wallet, for example, or a mobile phone — in the back seat of the car,” Smith said. “This will lead them to reach back and grab it and, in the process, they will be more likely to observe a child that is not supposed to be left in the car.”

The owner of an Vaughan daycare was After she pleaded guilty to criminal negligence causing death after leaving a.

There have been 19 deaths involving children in automobiles, while there have been no deaths so far this season, in america. In those cases the kids were younger than three.

“People just don’t know all of the risks children face when left alone in a car,” Andreasen said. “Heat is just one — kids become strangled to death by seat belts, injured by power windows, start fires, set the cars into equipment … or find firearms and accidentally shoot themselves or someone else.”

According to Kids and Cars , from 1994 to 2016 kids in the USA died in automobiles from heatstroke; seat belts strangled 11; and power windows killed 81.

Fetishizing supervision?

Over leaving an older child for a couple of minutes, the outrage dismisses the fact that kids are exposed to activities which are more dangerous, like riding in a car stated Free Range parenting urge Lenore Skenazy.

“There’s this notion that you can not leave your children in the car for four minutes as you go in and pay for your gas — even though more children die from getting hit in parking lots,” Skenazy stated in an interview with Globe Drive in June. “What is really being fetishized isn’t security, it is supervision.”

Is there an age where kids can be in a motor vehicle?

There is no “hard-and-fast rule,” that the Canada Safety Council said.

“We typically recommend 10 years old for a minimum for staying home alone, but a car has some inherent security risks which have likely being controlled to the chair, the capacity for sudden mechanical difficulties and, of course, sudden and extreme temperature changes,” Smith said. “Our minimum recommendation could be a child who’s no longer in a booster chair, who’s self-sufficient enough to be left at home alone for brief amounts of time, and who’s able to look after themselves in crisis situations.”

The child is not old enough to be left alone if the question has to be requested, Smith said.

“This holds particularly true if there is a younger sibling in the vehicle, since it takes the care of another human being and not just self-sufficiency.”

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Video: on what can be done to prevent deaths Mother who forgot her child (The Globe and Mail)

Everything you should know about sales scams that are online

18 Jul 17
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I’m attempting to sell my car, and I posted an ad on Kijiji with my mobile number. I instantly got a considerate text asking me to email a Gmail address with extra photographs (I’d put five on the advertisement). I did and got an email. She said do the paperwork and a delivery agent would come by to inspect the vehicle. There were no clues that it was fake — like grammar that is bizarre or a story. I do not really get what the scam will be, although it seems like a scam. Would somebody get PayPal to reverse the charges and steal my car and appear? Should I be worried that they have telephone number and my address? — Alex, Vancouver

In scams involving their agent and a overseas buyer, you will probably be left waiting for the shipper.

“Nobody’s coming to look at it or test drive it no one shows up,” said Allan Boomhour, spokesman for the (CAFC). “We see these daily. The entire idea is to trick you into sending your real money.”

Here is how it works. First, the crook sends a payment for more than you are asking to you.

“They say, “we are including the delivery fee’ — so if you are asking $5,000, they will send $6,000,” Boomhour stated. “They then ask you to send that gap to the shipper. It varies, it might be Western Union or MoneyGram.”

That payment? Whether it’s a cheque or a notice, it is probably fake, Boomhour stated.

“You’ll find an email that says it has been moved, but people do not check in their real PayPal account to find out if the cash is there, they are just going by that email,” Boomhour stated. “And with cheques, most banks will clear cheques right off the bat, and then they are rejected weeks or months afterwards.”

Boomhour stated, if you send cash via Western Union or MoneyGram — or perhaps gift cards — there is no way to get it back if you report it to authorities.

“Once, it is paid out at the other end, it is cash-in-hand; there is no tracing it,” Boomhour stated. “Despite prepaid gift cards, once poor men have those card numbers, they just take the cash in a moment.”

Can the scammer get PayPal to and then deposit the money ? Yes, but that’s not common, Boomhour stated.

“Usually there is no money at all but, yes, these situations can occur,” he said. “[They may go through the credit card company and try to get back the bill”

Canadians do fall for these scams, Boomhour stated. In total, 39 people lost, in 2016. So far 9 people have dropped over $11,000.

And those are just. It can be challenging to catch them, since the natives are in a different country.

“When it leaves the country, jurisdiction becomes a problem,” Boomhour stated. “They do sometimes get people. However, like drug dealers, if you arrest one in the corner, the next day there is another one.”

When we requested PayPal about the scam, it stated in an email, “If something seems too good to be true — it probably is a scam.

“Like any financial services transactions, we always encourage people to be cautious and protect themselves against criminals attempting to fraudulently transact together.”

How do you know it’s a scam? In “99 percent” of cases, nobody will pay the entire price for a car without seeing it first, Boomhour stated.

“You want to handle people face,” he said. “If you have met in person, a wire transfer into your account is rather secure, or whether it is a certified cheque, you go together to the lender and be sure it’s good. However, you need to meet them”

Beware of texts requesting your address. Sites like And have systems that send messages between sellers and buyers. Scams are also detected by them, Kijiji stated.

“Fraudsters will send a bogus SMS message asking to be contacted via email in an attempt to stay off the radar, they can not do if they respond through the protected Kijiji response system,” Kijiji stated in an email statement. “[Your best strategy would be to dismiss the ploy and obstruct the scammer’s phone number and email address, and refrain from clicking any links sent through email or text”

Kijiji stated to avoid them, do not put your number in the advertisement.

So common are these scams? In a 2013 From the Automobile Consumer Coalition, 13 percent of consumers said they had been contacted by a buyer who requested the seller to refund the difference and offered to overpay.

We requested Kijiji for the number of complaints.

“The incidence of scams or fraud on Kijiji is very low,” it stated. “To put it into perspective, there are countless new advertisements and emails exchanged between users on Kijiji from the normal week and complaints about suspected fraud among all that communicating traffic make up a very small fraction of a percentage point”

Boomhour stated, if you have lost money in a scam, contact the regional police.

“If no money is lost, some police services will inform people to contact [us] and will not take a report,” Boomhour stated.

And there no reason to stress that they have telephone number and your address. They would require information like your social insurance number, driver’s license number and date of arrival, to commit ID theft, Boomhour stated.

“You may receive more unwanted phone calls or junk emails — but there is nothing you can do about that,” Boomhour stated.

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How long must drivers wait for pedestrians in crosswalks?

11 Jul 17
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I grew up in Alberta, and when I learned how to drive, we were taught that all cars need to remain stopped in both directions until somebody has finished crossing. I start crossing in a crosswalk with my children and I am lucky to have anybody stop even after we have walked out into the crosswalk with our arms out. Cars breeze during the moment we cross, sometimes, once we are inside. Have the rules changed? — Matt, Toronto

Cars have to remain before pedestrians make it to the other hand stopped at a crosswalk, authorities said.

“From the letter of the law, traffic must stop in both directions,” said Insp. Ken Thrower, traffic commander with the Calgary Police Service. Section 41 of Alberta’s Does not specifically mention both directions.

It will say “a man driving a vehicle shall yield the right-of-way into a pedestrian crossing the roadway in a crosswalk.”

Since 2016 in drivers, Ontario and cyclists If there is a school crossing guard there until pedestrians have crossed at crossovers and at crosswalks.

What’s a crossover?

“The crosswalk is at an intersection and the crossover is generally mid-block with the yellow lights overhead and the cross symbols on the roadway,” said Ian Law, president and chief instructor of . “[Before] traffic had to stop until the pedestrians were halfway across; the rule now says all vehicles must stop and remain stopped until the pedestrians have left the roadway.”

It is confusing, and there was worry that it would apply at each intersection, and drivers would not be permitted to turn before the crosswalk was apparent, when the law was announced.

So, you need to wait in a crossover — that does not necessarily have flashing lights — but not in a standard stop sign or red light with painted lines (again, unless there is a school crossing guard there.)

“If there is a crossing guard with their signal out, you can not turn right, even though there is no pedestrians on your manner,” said Const. Clint Stibbe, with Toronto Police traffic services.

Fines range from $150-$500, and three demerit points could be also faced by motorists. Fines are doubled in community safety zones.

And else?

In Prince Edward Island, Manitoba and British Columbia, motorists must yield of the path to pedestrians, said the Automobile Association.

There is no wording about when motorists can proceed after quitting while Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec, and Saskatchewan have specific laws about school crossing guards.

Right of way could be incorrect

It does not mean they will just because the law says cars have to stop.

“You have got the right of way for a pedestrian, but if you walk out without looking, you may wind up getting hit,” Thrower said. “It’s very prudent to look both ways and ensure that you engage the driver; someone may be looking down in their laps in their telephones or be creeping ahead without realizing it. We have had people get run over at one mile an hour.”

Sticking your hand out or pushing that button does make motorists stop, Law said. “Never, ever assume any vehicle will stop. Red lights and stop signs don’t stop cars and trucks — people do, and they’re notoriously unreliable.”

A 2015 Found that when pedestrians in a crosswalk did not make eye contact instead taking a look at the car — just 45 percent of drivers stopped.

68 percent of drivers stopped when pedestrians stared in the driver’s eyes.

But pedestrians will need to pay attention. As of May 31, Toronto had 10 fatalities. “In seven of these, the pedestrian had made an error,” Stibbe said.

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Drivers could be aided by delivery technology (Reuters)

What is the purpose of booster seats?

04 Jul 17
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I am looking after my eight-year-old nephew while my brother and his wife are on vacation, and they insist that I put him in a booster seat in my car. They’re helicopter parents that don’t allow the kid play in the front yard by himself and they can not really tell me why he wants to be in the thing, other than, “It is required.” Belts, I get — they keep us. What’s the function of the booster seat, aside from treating kids for as long as possible, like babies? — Tara, Edmonton

Sure, a seat belt keeps you but that isn’t its job.

“Contrary to popular belief, the principal aim of a seat belt isn’t to keep people from being ejected from a car,” stated , a doctoral candidate in the University of British Columbia. “It redirects crash forces to the strongest parts of the body, the hips and torso.”

And, like most things in your vehicle, apart from perhaps the entertainment system, seat belts are made for grown-ups.

“Children between 4 and 8 are too small and the seat belt typically ends up on their belly and across the neck,” said Ishikawa, whose study is probing the attitudes that keep parents kind using booster seats. “That is redirecting crash forces to the internal organs or into the neck.”

In a crash, that force could be 544 kilograms (). If the shoulder belt has slid off, or supporting the child, the child jackknives above the belt and that crash force becomes directed entirely to the belly — causing severe internal injuries to the spleen, bowel and liver, which have been collectively referred to as seat-belt syndrome.

If they Are — car seats — are intended to protect children in which the automobile can’t. Car seats support infants’ necks in a crash. They move to car seats, when they grow from them.

“You’ll find forward-facing car seats that are created for children up to 30 kg,” Transport Canada says on its site. “Even if your child weighs over 18 kg (40 pounds) and your provincial/territorial law states you can use a booster seat, your child is safer in the forward-facing car seat as long as he or she’s still beneath the car seat’s weight and height limits and fits in the car seat properly.”

After that, enter booster chairs. Children are raised by them in which they are supposed to — so seat belts match — and protect. They’re Everywhere except Nunavut, the Northwest Territories and Alberta in Canada.

Generally, booster-seat requirements derive height (shorter than 145 centimetres, or 4 feet 9 inches), weight (less than 36-45 kg, or 80-100 lbs, depending on the state) or age (between 7 and 10).

In fact, some children may not meet the weight or height requirements until they’re 12 or 11.

The Canadian Paediatric Society (CPS) To look at the height and weight limits posted on your booster seat.

“In a crash, kids using seat belts instead of booster seats are 3-1/2 times more likely to undergo a serious injury and four times more likely to undergo a head injury,” it states on its site.

Helicopter parenting in the minivan?

Are we holding back kids by maintaining them in booster seats? There is A vehicle one of those areas where we should be treating children with kid gloves, said child psychologist , who has done research.

“Letting children climb the monkey bars to check their limits has developmental benefits,” Brussoni stated. “However, in the case of automobiles and booster seats, the kid isn’t playing and they do not receive any developmental benefit from not being properly protected in a crash.”

Car crashes are the No. 1 cause of death by preventable injury for Canadian children between the ages of 1 and 9.

Provinces without laws have the highest rate compared with the average, Presented in a CPS conference .

In Alberta, that speed was 4.18 per 100,000 individuals in 2012, compared with 2.27 in Ontario.

In america, a 2012 newspaper by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety looked at crash data from five states — Missouri, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin and Wyoming — which had passed laws for booster seats for older children.

Booster-seat use tripled, after the laws were in place for a couple of decades and there was a decrease in injuries and deaths.

So why are, if booster seats save lives Who should be riding in cars with seat belts? Ishikawa thinks it is because parents do not understand the aim of seat belts. That is being tested by his analysis. “Before I started studying this, I was absolutely certain the purpose of seat belts was to avoid ejection,” he said. “I suspect more people may be like me, and if they are, then we can target that with instruction.”

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What makes a Vehicle safe in a crash (The Globe and Mail)

Are kids under 10 by walking 14, taking a walk on the wild side?

27 Jun 17
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Our daughter is 10 and my husband is against letting her walk to school (I push her) since there is a busy street she must cross. It’s a crosswalk with a stop light. He scours the web for evidence to back up his case — and only found Saying that children under 14 do not have the mental capability to cross the road alone. So it looks like that she won’t be walking for a while. Is it really that dangerous? — Lauren.

Why did not the 10 year old cross the road? That study does say that, said among the authors of the study.

“It makes sense to break down road crossing into two unique situations — when there is a crosswalk, pedestrian signal or a stop sign and when cars do not need to stop,” said Jodie Plumert, a psychology professor with the University of Iowa. “For this, we’re analyzing kids crossing busy digital streets where the traffic does not actually stop — if traffic does need to stop, children in the eight- to 10-year-old range can do this sort of crossing by themselves”

In the newly released University of Iowa , researchers had six- to 14-year-old children cross a Road where cars did not slow down. They had to watch the traffic for gaps between oncoming cars, imagine when it was safe to begin crossing, and also make it over before they were (again, virtually) hit.

Six-year-olds were struck up to 8 percent of the time. For 10-year-olds, it was 5 percent, and for 12-year-olds, 2 percent.

“We were not seeing mature road-crossing behavior until children were 14,” Plumert stated.

Why? Plumert thinks it is too little experience crossing roads — and a mix of brain development.

“Kids younger than 14 have more trouble in timing their motion when they cross the street,” she said. “Where an adult might begin crossing before the lead car has passed them, kids under 14 will wait too long to get started.”

Walk this way?

Anxious parents may use it to maintain their offspring from crossing streets by themselves in any respect while the study focused on children crossing streets without crosswalks. That supervision means kids are not learning how to cross in their own when she wrote about letting her son take the new york subway alone, who made news.

“We keep coming up with new reasons why kids shouldn’t develop,” Skenazy stated. “Kids cross the road all the time, but we sit on the edge of our seats waiting for a single study that contradicts everything we see and know to be true”

U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration statistics show that in 2015, of the 1,132 kids younger than 14 who were killed in automobile crashes in the USA, 233 were pedestrians. The remainder were in cars.

“People don’t appear to see that nothing is without some danger — so we teach our children to cross in the crosswalk and to look left, then right, then left again,” Skenazy stated. “When people are driving their children to school, there is a risk they might get into a car crash — and that is in fact the number one way for children to die — but we accept that risk and we live with it.”

She does not believe that they mean kids under 14 should be out, while Plumert says it is important that parents know these limits.

“It would be useful for parents to work with kids to locate places to cross the street where cars do stop, even if this means a slightly longer route to get somewhere like school or the park,” she said. “And if there is not, you might consider checking with city officials to find out if a crosswalk could be created.”

For parents out with kids, it is important to give them a opportunity when they are with you to cross in their own. That way are relying on your own judgment and they understand when it is secure.

“You get to a crossing and you allow the child decide when they think it’s safe, you can give them comments,” Plumert stated. “If it is really risky, you can yank them back — that way the kid is getting more experience, but can also be under supervision.”

Skenazy says you ought to let children walk to school at whatever age you walked to school.

“Why would you assume your child is stupider than you were?” she said. “People say, ‘Well, my child’s too spacey to walk by himself’ I say, ‘My sons were spacey because they did not need to pay attention to a thing when I was walking with them. ”’

The Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators That parents teach children to:

  • Always look both ways before crossing any road, including a marked crosswalk or an intersection with a walk signal.
  • Keep looking as you cross.
  • Never assume that a marked crosswalk or walk sign means you are safe.
  • Never use electronic devices when walking.

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Why is some individuals susceptible to roadrage?

20 Jun 17
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I examine your history on-road rage. I still don’t realize why those who wouldn’t place blows if someone inadvertently grows facing them at Starbucks instantly make an effort to press someone off the trail for inadvertently slicing them down or honking. I’ve had owners try this tome, and I’m a mommy using a minivan filled with youngsters. – Karen, Edmonton

In case you inadvertently cut-in top of someone at Starbucks, it is possible to wave and apologize. But it’s harder to state, “Sorry, my mistake,” when you’re surrounded by material and planning 110 km/h.

“On the trail, if someone reduces you down, you’ve no idea why and we have a tendency to bounce for the finish which they achieved it on-purpose,” mentioned, with all the Company for Mental Health Policy Study in the Middle for Dependency and Mentalhealth (CAMH). “If someone bumps into you inside the food store, you can view that they’re wanting to prevent a tiny kid or they declare ‘Sorry,’ or you can view an expression of regret on the face.”

Since there’s no circumstance, you don’t understand that it had been a mommy who was simply diverted since her youngsters were preventing on the iPad.

You believe she’s a risk who doesn’t learn how to push.

But even though you realized she’d had reasons, you do not care, as you don’t know who she’s.

“Our cars are just a little territorial, and there’s privacy – the theory which you and also this driver WOn’t notice eachother again,” Wickens stated. “If you along with your neighbor be in a collision once you pull-out of the entrance, do you want to yell at them?”

Operating is tense – and hazardous.

While someone does a thing that we feel is dangerous, we may determine we’ve the right to instruct them a session.

A 2011 discovered that themes employed intense driving – including tailgating – as an easy way to improve different people’s operating.

“That’s dangerous,” Wickens said. “If frustration is clouding your wisdom, and you’re wanting to educate somebody a session, you might not be contemplating safety.”

Wickens’s own viewed driver’s studies of these own ambitious driving habits in the last 12 weeks. It demonstrated that individuals who noted slight violence – things such as swearing or offering somebody the hand – had an increased potential for getting back in a collision than individuals who hadn’t.

The probability of a collision became because the behavior got worse.

Twothirds of individuals mentioned they’d employed in minimal violence. Two % mentioned they’d accomplished anything significant, including stepping into a real combat with another driver.

“Two % appears tiny – but when you take into account that individuals have 9.5-thousand qualified individuals [in Ontario], meaning 200,000 individuals take part in significant violence,” Wickens stated.

Why do some individuals lash out if they feel ignored traveling among others don’t?

“It could possibly be your persona; if you’re someone who’s dangerous or activities frustration in your lifetime, you’re prone to work out,” Wickens stated. “It’s narcissists as well as the different temperament types linked to anger.”

Thoughts and anxiety will get increased when you’re traveling.

“If you’ve had a difficult trip to work, that sort of anxiety could carryover to the driving setting,” Wickens stated. “Or if you’re late, a thing that could typically be described as a typical discomfort may cause hostile behaviour.”

Yet another thing that will rev up anxiety? If you’re dropped, it’s a warm morning and you also don’t possess the air-conditioning on, there’s a scent within your automobile, if not if you’re in a unpleasant the main metropolis where you can find no woods, Wickens stated.

“In and of themselves, those ideas don’t trigger violence, nevertheless they enhance the combination,” Wickens stated.

What in case you do should you feel anger traveling?

Well, a similar thing you are doing in order to avoid striking guests at Starbucks. Settle down, look at the outcomes and prevent the maximum amount of of the worries when you could inside the first-place.

“I frequently advise giving oneself a lot of time for you to get anywhere,” Wickens stated. “There may also be breathing practices you can certainly do, or wear audio. Essentially, observe that it’s not worth it.”

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How must individuals handle the trail rage of others?

13 Jun 17
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I still don’t understand what used to do, but I’d a huge Truck tailgate my automobile and display his brights, then take alongside and press into my street. I used to be inside the proper street and there is a real guardrail on my area. Once we got to your redlight, he got out and leaped to my car and began cursing and bumping around the screen, showing me to have from my vehicle. I began shooting him with my cellphone and he eventually quit, after screaming out a couple of more slurs about my racial history. Was there whatever else I will have inked? Once I advised this story at-work, everyone had the same account. I don’t remember it previously being this negative before. – Simon, Toronto

Is roadrage getting worse?

It’s challenging to state, but anecdotally, it appears that the situations of upset violence are turning up as our highways have more crowded.

“Cops don’t observe it,” mentioned Steve Albrecht, who produces about abuse for. “It’s element of very ambitious driving, in reports, folks confess to it plus it is apparently the main individual condition.”

Just what exactly in case you do when qualified by an ambitious driver?

Professionals say: Keep your great, make an effort to escape just how and record the occurrence to authorities when it’s protected.

“If you will find yourself because circumstance, contact 911 – in case your car is plugged, remain in the car and secure your opportunities,” mentioned superintendent Alison Jevons, manager of functions and help with all the Ontario Provincial Authorities (OPP) road safety section. “Some of the situations actually elevate to a great level.”

In March, an Edmonton girl had her hands shattered by way of a crowbar in a. She’d honked in a car halted traveling plus it used her till she halted and got from her vehicle.

“We claim it’s far better not participate once you get two different people in the part of the trail since points could elevate,” Jevons said. “If you feel someone is pursuing you, don’t travel property, travel to your police stop or even to a public place.”

In case you contact the authorities while you’re driving?

“There is not any exemption beneath the regulation in Ontario for individuals to employ a cellular phone in emergent situations,” Jevons said. “I could not desire to advise that somebody does that, since it may have unintended outcomes – the most effective assistance is always to contact 911 when is protected. The seriousness of the specific situation can influence how immediately the decision must be made.”

There’s no particular demand for roadrage, nevertheless the OPP does course Ontario Highway Traffic Act (HTA) violations when representatives feel they’re linked to hostile driving, including racing and dangerous lane adjustments, Jevons said.

From 2015 to 2016, these situations went up 70 per cent – from 118 to 200%.

But roadrage situations could elevate beyond the HTA and to the Criminal Code, Jevons said.

“Banging over a vehicle could possibly be legal mischief,” Jevons said. “There could possibly be fees of strike, threatening [or] hazardous driving.”

A 2016 record on-road rage inside the Usa from the AAA Base for Traffic Safety discovered that two from three individuals mentioned intense driving is really a greater dilemma nowadays than 36 months before.

In a 2016 Canadian Automobile Association (CAA) ballot, almost seven from 10 individuals claim intense driving is really a danger with their personal protection.

After Albrecht about roadrage in 2013, he was crammed with appointment requests from writers around the “new sensation of highway rage.”.

“I obtain a large amount of attention from Canadian advertising. I do believe that’s since your lifestyle is often more supporting and better than mine,” Albrecht said. “In the States, it’s acquiring means worse – because the populace increases, there’s inadequate space.”

While you’re within your automobile, you’re feeling private, Abrecht explained.

Blend that with fury plus a perception of territoriality – one other driver has infringed on your own lawn – and it’s a menu for roadrage.

“At enough time, they’re not convinced that the officers are certain to get your permit plate range from your people you jeopardize or that cellular phones can catch what’s happening along with your experience can get spread all-over social-media,” Albrecht said. “Anger can be a pure human problem, nevertheless, you must look at the outcomes. I notify parents that when the kids discover you cursing at another driver or slicing somebody down, they could feel that’s a satisfactory reaction.”

If another driver becomes hostile, don’t retaliate and chance stepping into a collision, Albrecht said.

“Don’t enter into situations where you’re employing PassiveAggressive habits – only do your point, tune in to the air and merely give attention to your driving,” Albrecht said. “Get before them when you can. I do believe you’ve to become mindful never to permit them get behind you and follow you for kilometers and miles.”

The most effective support, in line with the CAA?

“Be added Canadian. If another driver is hostile closer, do not go on it professionally,” Kristine D’Arbelles, CAA spokewoman, mentioned in a e mail. “Be ethical, even though one other driver isn’t. If another driver difficulties you, have a strong air and transfer of the way.”